By Tadesse Yimer
And, however, admirable the role of Ethiopia might be in itself, one cannot rectify the failure simply by chronicling the admittedly much ignored origins of quagmire realities in Somalia since the 1990s. Diverse communities demanding constitutional accommodation in Somalia state will be critical to resolve the dilemma. Ultimately, it is up to the Somali people to manage their own destiny. I have said it before and I repeat it now if there is one message I want to convey to you, one thing I want to repeat again and again, that is it. Dr. Fasil Nuhom (1991) was absolutely right when he said “There is no question that poverty is the major, major obstacle to the enjoyment of human rights in Africa. To fight against poverty is to fight against human rights”. Diverse communities demanding constitutional accommodation in one state will be critical. For the lasting stability of the region, democratisation is crucial, but also not enough. Deliverance of public services and economic development will be momentous.
Ethiopia was among the vigorous founding member states of the League of Nations and UN respectively before the independence of African states achieved. It has wholeheartedly contributed both to the establishment of the League of Nations and the UN to realizing stability so that the world could enjoy peaceful coexistence. Irrespective of governments change, Ethiopia has been always committed towards African brothers’ struggle for political independence. It is for this reason that the Ethiopian Foreign Affair Security Policy and Strategy designed by former Prime Minister Meles Zenawi principally hub on peaceful coexistence and good neighborhood with each countries regardless of the behavior of the regimes. This policy and strategy has been implemented effectively to normalize hostilities invested by former regimes.
Practical case in point is Somalia.
Somalia has been in total political collapse since 1991 which happen to be save heaven for various colors of internationally feared hardliners. Somalia has been the breeding ground of militants since then. The Islamists in Sudan and Somali were inspired by the Egyptian Muslim brothers and schooled in Saudi religious institutions (Medhane 2004). Though the main problem of Somalia is internal in nature, but the external stimulus could not be discounted.It has been a country where various global extremists operating their anti peace mission which consumed untold lives of people. Though there is an elected government, it could not function well for the reason that of the extremists composed of different warlords who effectively diluted it. As a result, Somalia is labeled as ‘failed state’ to this date. It had been torn apart and divided by warlords who sucked the blood of Somali people. Socio-economic and political institutions were dismantled. Lawlessness, daytime naked peculates and killings became the order of the day. In Somalia, during the reign of the radicals, everything sin happened. The warlords whose hanky-panky slogan had become incontestable hyped up for power. The diffusive din of war of the extremists masked under religion motto turned out to be as a way for political power.